You just need time. Playing guitar is fundamentally about teaching your fingers to do weird things they aren’t used to doing. That’s it. It doesn’t take a genius. It takes some hours. Set aside 10 hours with the guitar and you’ll be playing some great songs.
WHICH SCALES ARE USED IN CERTAIN TYPES OF MUSIC?
Depending on the style of music you play, it may not be worth it to learn specific scales. Of course, the more levels you learn, the more familiar you’ll be in performing various types of music. However, no one wants to put time and effort into learning something they know they’ll never use.
- Rock– Major/minor pentatonic, major scale, natural minor scale, blues scale
- Metal– Depends on the type of metal, however learning the following scales is a good start:
- Chromatic scale
- Minor pentatonic
- Natural minor scale
- Jazz– Depends on the type of Jazz played, however, the following scales are commonly used:
- Major scale
- Harmonic minor
- Melodic minor
- Whole tone scale
- Chromatic scale
- Blues– Blues scale
- Country– Major pentatonic, blues scale
- Ska / Reggae– Major scale, natural minor scale
- Easy listening– Major pentatonic, the major scale
NATURAL MINOR SCALE
WHAT ARE MODES?
Modes are a relatively simple concept when you grasp how they are formed; however, learning this can take some time and be further explained in another article. This section, however, will give a quick primer into modes. A mode is simply a scale that has been altered in terms of the sequence. However, they are the same as the major scale, and the difference lies with which “base” note you start with. For example, the C major scale begins with the C note and ends on a C note an octave higher. This scale follows the pattern: W – W – H – W – W – W – H which corresponds to the following notes: C – D – E – F – G – A – B. This is commonly known as the major scale, however, is also called the Ionian mode.
However, if we were to start the scale off with the second note in the C major scale (the D note), the pattern would change to W – H – W – W – W – H – W and correspond to the following notes D – E – F – G – A – B – C. This mode is called the Dorian mode. There are 7 types of modes in total. Each mode along with their respective patterns are listed below.
- Ionian– Starts with the tonic or root note. In the key of C, this would correspond to the C note and is the same as the major scale. The corresponding interval pattern is W – W – H – W – W – W – H.
- Dorian– starts with the second note in the scale (e.g. in C major this would be to the D note). The corresponding interval pattern is W – H – W – W – W – H – W.
- Phrygian-Starts with the third note in the scale (e.g. in C major this would be to the E note). The corresponding interval pattern is H – W – W – W – H – W – W.
- Lydian– Starts with the fourth note in the scale (e.g. in C major this would be to the F note). The corresponding interval pattern is W – W – W – H – W – W – H.
- Mixolydian-Starts with the fifth note in the scale (e.g. in C major this would be to the G note). The corresponding interval pattern is W – W – H – W – W – H – W.
- Aeolian– Starts with the sixth note in the scale (e.g. in C major this would be to the A note). The corresponding interval pattern is W – H – W – W – H – W – W.
- Locrian– Starts with the seventh note in the scale (e.g. in C major this would be to the B note). The corresponding interval pattern is H – W – W – H – W – W – W.